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Talca, Chile.September 23, 1988..General Augusto Pinochet at a "yes" vote rally to support him in a plebiscite to remain office...In 1988, General Pinochet ordered a plebiscite vote asking Chilean citizens whether he should continue in office. It produced a decisive "no" vote and the following year he lost the first presidential election in 19 years. However, under a constitution crafted by his advisors, he remained as army commander until 1998. Pinochet continued to wield enormous power until his arrest in London on human rights charges in October 1998.