Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
An EPRDF fighter patrols an exploding ammunitions depot set alight by former government supporters.
In late May 1991 the long civil war in Ethiopia came to a climax when the alliance of four rebel groups, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), toppled the authoritarian government of Mengistu Haile-Mariam and took control of Addis Ababa and the nation. The governing regime declared a cease-fire and fled. In July 1991 the 24 different groups met in the capital and established a multi-party provisional government headed by Meles Zenawi, the Tigray Rebel Leader, to lead the country to its first free elections within two years.