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Addis Ababa, Ethiopia<br />
May 29, 1991<br />
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Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) fighters and tanks guard the entrance to the government palace after ousting the government and military of Mengistu Haile-Mariam.<br />
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In late May 1991 the long civil war in Ethiopia came to a climax when the alliance of four rebel groups, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), toppled the authoritarian government of Mengistu Haile-Mariam and took control of Addis Ababa and the nation. The governing regime declared a cease-fire and fled. In July 1991 the 24 different groups met in the capital and established a multi-party provisional government headed by Meles Zenawi,  the Tigray Rebel Leader, to lead the country to its first free elections within two years..